Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia 1782-2005
Collectors led up the garden path
- January 2009
- By Rob
Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia 1782 - 2005 (KUKI) is considered to be
the most complete catalogue providing an overview of all paper money
that circulated in Indonesia since 1782.
Early 1991, a
beautiful picture book was issued by Yayasan Serangan Umum 1 Maret 1949
& Perum Peruri Jakarta, called "Banknotes and Coins from Indonesia
1945-1990" (BCI). The books gives an overview of paper money with nice
photo's of the various periods in Indonesia's history.
KUKI is extensively used by collectors all over the world and has
become the standard for the more specialized collectors. When a
catalogue becomes a de facto standard, one assumes that the contents is
(historically) correct and the intentions of the author are genuine.
Unfortunately this is not the case with the KUKI. The catalogue
contains many pictures that are digitally manipulated photo's of the
paper money that is also shown in the earlier mentioned book BCI.
least 15 cases the photo's in KUKI are digitally repaired and
significantly upgraded , where damages, holes and stains were removed
and paper money notes are presented in a much better condition than the
original notes. In some cases where specific parts of paper money notes
were missing, in the KUKI they appear complete again, meaning that the
author has used his immagination to re-create parts of the note.
Sometimes this might even have happened without a real example,
thus providing the collector community with self invented parts of
paper money designs.
In several cases the serial numbers of the
notes shown in KUKI are changed. This concerns most often the last one
or two numbers. They are replaced by numbers that already occur earlier
in the serial number. When digitally manipulating pictures it is most
easy to re-use an existing number in a serial number to replace another
Here's an overview of 15 manipulated pictures in KUKI:
H-65 300 Gulden 1827
photo in KUKI on page 19 is also shown in BCI on page 224.Although the
BCI picture shows various part missing and many stains and holes, the
KUKI picture is obviously in a much better condition. Another
interesting thing is that the serial number on the BCI note is 1638,
but on the KUKI picture it is changed into 1666.
H-120/121/122 20/30/40 Gulden 1919-1921
photo's in KUKI show banknotes with serial numbers that usually are
within the range used for "SPECIMEN" banknotes. It seems that the
author has digitally removed that "SPECIMEN" overprint on the obverse
of the shown pictures. The picture of the obverse of the 40 Gulden note
on page 53 still clearly shows the "SPECIMEN" overprint on the reverse
shining through the obverse. You can still clearly see the "N"
underneath the 3 of the left serial number.
H-407/408/409 Jogjakarta, 2,50/5/10 Rupiah
poor quality blue pictures in KUKI on page 190 are the same pictures of
the same notes as printed on page 90 and 91 of the BCI. All details in
the pictures are the same in both books, however the serial number in
KUKI is different again. In KUKI the last number of the serial number
has been digitally replaced by a number that already occurs earlier in
the serial number.
H-474 Asahan 2 1/2 Rupiah
paper money note shown in KUKI on page 206 is the same note that is
printed in the BCI on page 94. Although the BCI photo shows that
several pieces are missing and damage by a paperclip, the KUKI photo
shows an almost perfect banknote. The KUKI author has digitally
repaired the note and drawn a design where a piece was missing in the
H-488 Asahan Special Mandate, 250.000 Rupiah
note printed in KUKI on page 212 is the same note that is shown on page
95 of the BCI. The serial number in the BCI is printed with blue ink,
however the serial number in KUKI is black.
H-692/693 Lima Poeloeh District, 50/100 Rupiah
notes printed in KUKI on page 265 are the same notes as shown in the
BCI on page 121. The KUKI shows the notes in a much better quality
because several folds and damages have been electronically removed and
the missing corner pieces have been digitally restored.
H-702 Nias Regency, 1 Roepiah
note in KUKI on page 266 is the same note that is printed in the BCI on
page 122. The KUKI shows a picture of the note with perfect corners
where the BCI shows the notes with large parts missing of the left and
right top corner. This KUKI picture of this note is substantially
H-816 Rantau Prapat, 50.000 Rupiah
note shown in KUKI on page 285 is the same note that is printed in the
BCI on page 113. Although the BCI picture shows a note with holes,
paperclip damage, large stains on the left side and damages on the
right side, the same note in the KUKI shows an almost perfect note that
is digitally significantly upgraded.
H-872 Tapanoeli, 10 Roepiah
note printed in the KUKI on page 297 is the same note that is printed
in the BCI on page 131. The original serial number 69335 of the BCI
note is digitally changed to 63333 in the KUKI picture. An action like
this makes the collector believe that a note with this serial number
exists, while reality might be that such a number has never been
H-932 Wingfoot, 10 Kilo Getah Sheet
note shown in the KUKI on page 303 is actually the same note that is
shown in the picture in the BCI on page 135.Several damages and folds
have been electronically removed in the KUKI picture and the original
serial number 4009 of the BCI note has been digitally changed to 4999
in the KUKI picture, making the collectors believe that such a number
really exist, while reality might be that this specific number was
a catalogue contains many intentional errors and manipulations such as
described above, it is justified to be suspicious about the complete
content of the work. It seems that the objective of the author was to
provide the collector community with and attractive catalogue that
contains much content and many pictures. It also seems that the author did not have
the intention to provide a historically correct overview and
deliberately provided false information for a purpose other than
With so many intentional errors, collectors should
seriously doubt the correctness of the KUKI, especially when it
concerns decisions about paper money that is scarce and valuable.
Let's hope that one day, a catalogue will be issued with genuine intentions....
would like to receive feedback; please e-mail via firstname.lastname@example.org
Banknotes and Coins from Indonesia, 1945-1990, Yayasan Serangan Umum 1 Maret 1949 & Perum Peruri Jakarta (BCI)
Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia 1782-2005, PT. Sugijaya Abadi Sentosa, Edisi ke 2 (KUKI)